The Holocaust was the state-sponsored, systematic persecution and murder of Jews by Nazi Germany and its collaborators between 1933. and 1945 . A continent-wide genocide, it destroyed not only individuals and families but also communities and cultures that had developed over centuries. The Holocaust occurred in the context of Nazi-led persecution and murder that targeted many additional groups.
Sessions and activities should always help learners to advance their knowledge about this unprecedented destruction and preserve the memory of persecuted and murdered individuals and groups. Educators and learners should be encouraged and empowered to reflect upon the moral, political and social questions raised by the Holocaust and their relevance today.
(From the Recommendations for Teaching and Learning about the Holocaust)
The manual was prepared by International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA) in cooperation with Unesco.
Terraforming initiated and realized the translation of the Recommendations into Serbian, with the support of the delegation of the Republic of Serbia to the International Alliance for Holocaust Remembrance.
The manual Recommendations for Teaching and Learning about the Holocaust is intended for teachers and all others in the Republic of Serbia, who in various ways participate in Holocaust education or contribute to the deepening of knowledge and better understanding of this topic. These are museum workers, librarians, archivists, civil society activists, historians, researchers and many others. It is also intended to policy makers,that is to those who make decisions in the fields of education and culture, and especially remembrance culture. Finally, the manual can be used by artists, creators of various cultural programs, as well as journalists and other media professionals.
The manual offers some of the answers to the questions of what the Holocaust is, and why it is important today to remember and learn about this dark history of society and how to do it today. Also, the manual provides guidelines of how to deal with contemporary manifestations of anti-Semitism, but also various other forms of xenophobia, which were used in times before the Holocaust as a basis for political action by states to organize and carry out mass killings by all available funds.
Created as a result of cooperation and joint work of experts from the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance, including experts from the Republic of Serbia, the manual makes an important contribution to efforts to strengthen and emancipate Holocaust education, but also research, memorialization and general remembrance culture in the Republic of Serbia. That is extremely important when we have in mind the problem of revisionism, distortion, manipulation and politicization of history, which we encounter both throughout Europe and in our country. Considering the need for better understanding contemporary challenges and the complexity of learning about the Holocaust, as well as the fact that in front of our entire society forthcoming the great task of realizing the Memorial Center “Staro sajmište”, this publication has special importance.
The manual is conceived in the form of recommendations because there are no general solutions that can be easily applied in all environments. Because of that, when it comes to the Republic of Serbia, the specifics of our history and historical and social heritage must be taken into account. In that context, it should be paid attention to several characteristic challenges. One of them is the fact that we have several groups of victims in World War II. Besides Jews, Serbs, Roma and others suffered, as well as the members of People’s Liberation Movement, which is important to emphasize regardless of whether the continuation of the lesson will pay attention to one, the other or all groups. The other fact is anti-fascist resistance, in which also Jews participated in. At the end, it is very significant to get involved in the topics of collaboration, that is of those who helped the occupiers and participated to varying degrees in identifying, arresting, enforcing, robbing and even killing Jews and Roma, as well as Serbian patriots and anti-fascists. That is the only way in which we can truly develop critical and analytical thinking in young people, which is also one of the basic goals of education.
On behalf of the delegation of the Republic of Serbia to the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA)
member of the IHRA Working Group for education and member of the IHRA Committee on Roma Genocide
The manual makes an important contribution to the efforts to repression of the revisionism, distortion, manipulation and politicization of history that we encounter both across Europe and in our country.
When it comes to the Republic of Serbia, the specifics of history and historical and social heritage must be taken into account.
International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA)
The International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA) unites governments and experts to strengthen, advance and promote Holocaust education, research and remembrance and to uphold the commitments of the 2000. Stockholm Declaration.
The IHRA (formerly the Task Force for International Cooperation on Holocaust Education, Remembrance and Research, or ITF) was initiated in 1998. by former Swedish Prime Minister Göran Persson. Today the IHRA network consists of over 40 countries as well as key international partner organizations with a mandate to deal with Holocaust-related issues.
The IHRA’s network of experts includes representatives from the world’s foremost institutions which specialize in education, remembrance and research about the Holocaust. From 2019. to 2023, IHRA’s experts and political representatives are focusing their efforts on safeguarding the historical record and countering distortion.
Let’s keep in touch
- Let us know how do you use the Recommendations.
- Send us suggestions for additional teaching materials and other ideas for promoting learning and teaching about the Holocaust.